Armenia is located in the Southwest Caucasus region, at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. It is a landlocked country bordered by Georgia to the north, Azerbaijan to the east, Iran to the south, and Turkey to the west.
Armenia’s land area is 29,800 square kilometers (11,505 square miles), and the population is 3.3 million. The maximum distance from north to south is 360 kilometers, and from east to west 200 kilometers.
About five percent of the country’s territory is covered by lakes, the biggest of which is Lake Sevan. Armenia’s borders with Turkey and Azerbaijan have been closed since the 1990s due to the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
Automobile roadways and railways via Georgia and Iran are the principal land routes to/from the country, and the aviation system features extensive international network coverage (for more details see the Flight Connectivity section of the Guide). The nearest seaport is Poti in Georgia, through which Armenia has access to the countries of the Black Sea region.
The new railroad project connecting Armenia to Iran will provide routes all the way out to the Persian Gulf, providing access to neighboring Central Asia, the Middle East, India and China. Currently the railway network extends northwest to Port Poti in Georgia. Armenia also has a highway with Iran.
*Acknowledgement – this content is provided from Investment Guide Armenia 2013 upon approval. – Full report here