The folk music of Armenians entails a very long tradition that has stemmed from its unique geographic features as well as its complex history in which mix of different aspects of diverse ethnicities and communities were generated bit by bit. The uniqueness of the folk music has been well preserved due to strict control of how it was taught under Soviet era.

The unique feature of its music contains mixture of Middle East, Caucasian tradition, and probably European to some extent in naïve way that generates emotive sound. This distinctive feature of its folk music has been enmeshed into some pop-music of Armenian which has then made them very eminent as Armenian music.

Probably, what has distinguished and made Armenian folk music unique from other ethnic folk music is owing to the music instruments commonly played. The probably most famous music instrument of Armenia is Duduk as well as the rest traditional music instruments include Zourna, Pku, Blul, Shvi, Kanon, Kamancha and Dhol.


Duduk was believed to be firstly created almost 1500 years ago, representing its long history in its harmony and sometimes intriguing the emotions of Armenians who listen to its sound. It became famous again as it was played in the main music of the Academy Award movie, Gladiator. It is a wind instrument and usually made of apricot wood which can be found in many places in Armenia. It is a hollow pipe that consists of eight holds on the upper side and one hole for thumb on the bottom. The length usually ranges from 25cm to 40cm. Once you heard the sound, you would probably notice that you have actually heard of the sound before.


Zourna is a wind instrument with 8 holes for finger on the upper and one hole for thumb on the bottom sides. The instrument produces shrill and vociferous sounds that different itself from other Armenian music instruments.


Pku is another music instrument of Armenia, which is made of apricot wood like Duduk. There are 8 holes for finger on the upper side and one hole for thumb on the bottom. The uniqueness of the instrument is its high pitch sound.


Blul is again a wind instrument of Armenian. Compared to the already mentioned instruments above, it consists of 7 holes on the upper and one hole on the bottom sides producing diatonic as well as soft and velvet sound.


This instrument is an apricot or reed made flue especially used by shepherd. It consist of 7 and 1 holes on upper and bottoms sides respectively.


It is a stringed instrument of Armenian with tradition. Consisting 24 strings which are drawn with movable knobs, it is usually played by finger pick, being put on the left knee.


Dhol is probably another music instrument which can be observed in many Armenian folk music. It is an Armenian drum in other word with double skin. The instrument, in contrast to other wind instruments, is made of walnut with covered open side with goat skin. Both hands and sticks can be used to play it.